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published 2020-07-27
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Staff car of the military-sanitary train No. 312
Самодел 1:20
Maksim Rybalko
aka Shtirliz
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Вагон на фоне военного вокзала станции Вологда
As soon as the Great Patriotic war began, the Vologda locomotive and wagon repair plant started forming military-sanitary trains. The first train # 312 started its first run on June 26, 1941. There were 75 residents of Vologda - medical workers and railway workers. During the four war years, this train made dozens of trips to all fronts, covering 200,000 kilometers - a distance equal to five routes around the world - and transported more than 25,000 wounded. It was a unique train. During the war, his team made dozens of innovative proposals for the organization of transportation of the wounded, turning the train into a model medical institution. Along with bandages and injections, physiotherapy and physical therapy sessions were organized for the wounded. When the military-sanitary train No. 312 arrived at the station, they tried to put it on the first track - it was so beautiful and well-groomed.

The object chosen is the Museum car, which is located in Vologda. Work on the model continued intermittently for about 8 months. Such materials as: Tamian plastic of various thickness (including transparent), decorative felt, plastic suede and artificial leather were used. Wire and sheet copper, fasteners from MasterClub. Various wooden slats from SV model and profiles (bars) from Tamiya. Plastic tubes of different diameters, epoxy plasticine. Rails from the garden railway and homemade sleepers. Various decor and ribbons. Tamiya acrylic paint and varnishes, the pigments and washes. The decal (UV printing) was made independently. Chain, sonnet varnish and oil paint. An unrealistic amount of plastic glue from Tamiya, as well as" liquid nails "and 7 tubes of"super glue". Roll-up curtain. A lot of skin and worn-off fingers. Polishing paste, broken scissors, and a few drills. The car turned out to be 1 meter long and caused a lot of inconvenience when it was moved, turned and turned over. Several times were demolished running boards, racks, hooks.

On the forum, in the section "red cross" you will find a topic on the construction of this car. There are many more photos, drawings, and war photos posted there...

   ДЕТАЛИ И СБОРКА
As with all construction began with the study of photographs and drawings. I went to the place in Vologda where this Museum car is located. I took several dozen photos. There is also quite a lot of material on the Internet on the Yegoryevsky wagon.<br />Glued strips of plastic 1.2 mm and marked the elements of the frame of the car.

As with all construction began with the study of photographs and drawings. I went to the place in Vologda where this Museum car is located. I took several dozen photos. There is also quite a lot of material on the Internet on the Yegoryevsky wagon.
Glued strips of plastic 1.2 mm and marked the elements of the frame of the car.

I started with the floor.... from Tamiev plastic 1.2 cut strips of 14.4 cm and glued them joint-to-joint (it turned out three joints) without any reinforcement. With this length of the car, we had to make a lot of strips of plastic 1.2 mm and 0.5 mm for the production of channels. Then, according to the drawing of the frame (see above), I marked all the longitudinal and transverse elements, planned the sub-car equipment and carts. and glued the " P " - shaped channel in the necessary places. The height of the channel is 13 mm. After the glue dries, the structure has a fairly good rigidity.

I started with the floor.... from Tamiev plastic 1.2 cut strips of 14.4 cm and glued them joint-to-joint (it turned out three joints) without any reinforcement. With this length of the car, we had to make a lot of strips of plastic 1.2 mm and 0.5 mm for the production of channels. Then, according to the drawing of the frame (see above), I marked all the longitudinal and transverse elements, planned the sub-car equipment and carts. and glued the " P " - shaped channel in the necessary places. The height of the channel is 13 mm. After the glue dries, the structure has a fairly good rigidity.

Tightened the bolts

Tightened the bolts

Given the size, it is impossible to photograph the entire interior without capturing it... So some places will be a Wallpaper, a Desk and a creative mess. They took photos with a camera and a phone. Both in daylight and when it is very late, so the colors sometimes "dance". Photos were edited minimally-cropping, reducing the size to 1024 and slightly adding sharpness (on a 10-point scale - 2-3 units).

Given the size, it is impossible to photograph the entire interior without capturing it... So some places will be a Wallpaper, a Desk and a creative mess. They took photos with a camera and a phone. Both in daylight and when it is very late, so the colors sometimes "dance". Photos were edited minimally-cropping, reducing the size to 1024 and slightly adding sharpness (on a 10-point scale - 2-3 units).

I had a special approach to carts. The node is very important from the point of view of the load from the car body. And make it strong, and observe the view...

I had a special approach to carts. The node is very important from the point of view of the load from the car body. And make it strong, and observe the view...

I tried to make sure everything was accurate and most importantly - glued

I tried to make sure everything was accurate and most importantly - glued

Imitated all the corners and staples... Assemble the brake levers, guide boxes and mounting brackets for brake pads. Zaspivajem bolts 1.2 mm. To strengthen the attachment and support of the cart, a structure of 4 channels is assembled in the Central part, turned to each other. Connected it with strips of plastic. In the center of the bearing for the kingbolt. Bolts 1, 1.2 mm.

Imitated all the corners and staples... Assemble the brake levers, guide boxes and mounting brackets for brake pads. Zaspivajem bolts 1.2 mm. To strengthen the attachment and support of the cart, a structure of 4 channels is assembled in the Central part, turned to each other. Connected it with strips of plastic. In the center of the bearing for the kingbolt. Bolts 1, 1.2 mm.

Almost ready-made carts. For the box, I glued a rectangle of 11x16 mm and cut it into 20 mm blocks.then I shaped the box body with a beveled angle for the cover. The cover of the box is made of plastic 1 mm. Loop of 0.5 mm. Rivet 0.9 mm. First, everything was assembled and drilled. Then I sanded it and riveted it. I also used a round profile from Tamiya 1 mm. Spring springs made of copper wire. The rod is 6 mm., he wound it, spread the coils, and then sawed off the required length.

Almost ready-made carts. For the box, I glued a rectangle of 11x16 mm and cut it into 20 mm blocks.then I shaped the box body with a beveled angle for the cover. The cover of the box is made of plastic 1 mm. Loop of 0.5 mm. Rivet 0.9 mm. First, everything was assembled and drilled. Then I sanded it and riveted it. I also used a round profile from Tamiya 1 mm. Spring springs made of copper wire. The rod is 6 mm., he wound it, spread the coils, and then sawed off the required length.

The spring node is quite complex to reproduce...

The spring node is quite complex to reproduce...

The suspension also takes part of the weight of the car, so everything must be reliable. In places, it was reinforced with plates that are not present on the prototype.

The suspension also takes part of the weight of the car, so everything must be reliable. In places, it was reinforced with plates that are not present on the prototype.

I made 40 spring strips, joined them from 5 pieces in blocks and glued them to the corners "oval". each spring was riveted with two rivets.

I made 40 spring strips, joined them from 5 pieces in blocks and glued them to the corners "oval". each spring was riveted with two rivets.

Assembly...

Assembly...

I made the wheels on a 3D printer. The model I got is terrible. The printer has printed - you can't look without tears. The wheel itself was translucent, like a frill. I used black epoxy plasticine. Leveled immediately with water. Then I processed it minimally. It was better than printing... I was as happy as an elephant...

I made the wheels on a 3D printer. The model I got is terrible. The printer has printed - you can't look without tears. The wheel itself was translucent, like a frill. I used black epoxy plasticine. Leveled immediately with water. Then I processed it minimally. It was better than printing... I was as happy as an elephant...

Assembly of the brake lever transmission...

Assembly of the brake lever transmission...

I collected the wagon boxes. Because of the size, not all photos are successful in terms of viewability. That would fit into the frame you have to photograph only along... In the middle of the car, on both sides, there were battery boxes. Their length is 19 cm in scale. Most likely, the interior space was redone for storing stretchers there because everywhere there is an inscription - "for stretchers".<br />For work - plastic 1 mm, wire 1 mm. rivets and bolts-master club.

I collected the wagon boxes. Because of the size, not all photos are successful in terms of viewability. That would fit into the frame you have to photograph only along... In the middle of the car, on both sides, there were battery boxes. Their length is 19 cm in scale. Most likely, the interior space was redone for storing stretchers there because everywhere there is an inscription - "for stretchers".
For work - plastic 1 mm, wire 1 mm. rivets and bolts-master club.

Generator

Generator

The Kazantsev Air Distributor

The Kazantsev Air Distributor

I glued meter-long strips of plastic together. Marked and cut openings for Windows. Focusing on the Windows, he placed a compartment, operating room, office and headquarters.

I glued meter-long strips of plastic together. Marked and cut openings for Windows. Focusing on the Windows, he placed a compartment, operating room, office and headquarters.

I cut the floor covering out of plastic suede.

I cut the floor covering out of plastic suede.

After gluing, I painted it with red-brown acrylic.

After gluing, I painted it with red-brown acrylic.

In the course of working with the car, I made 10 times more rails than in the photo, impregnated with mordant and covered with varnish on top.

In the course of working with the car, I made 10 times more rails than in the photo, impregnated with mordant and covered with varnish on top.

The compartment doors are 10.5 cm high. Rail 5x1 mm. I cut the slats and glued the crossbars to the PVA. Glued on plastic. After a slight drying, with a metal ruler, carefully moved each piece.<br />To make 5 doors, you will need 10 halves...

The compartment doors are 10.5 cm high. Rail 5x1 mm. I cut the slats and glued the crossbars to the PVA. Glued on plastic. After a slight drying, with a metal ruler, carefully moved each piece.
To make 5 doors, you will need 10 halves...

Still the same stain and varnish... There are two types of doors in the car - open sideways (compartment doors) and normal ones. Compartment 5 pieces. The mounting rails are covered with a visor. There is a thick wooden bar between the compartments.<br />Used a square of 4x4mm.

Still the same stain and varnish... There are two types of doors in the car - open sideways (compartment doors) and normal ones. Compartment 5 pieces. The mounting rails are covered with a visor. There is a thick wooden bar between the compartments.
Used a square of 4x4mm.

Then he cut a strip of transparent plastic from the Tamiya 0.4 mm. Carefully cut and inserted like glass in a niche without glue. I glued the prepared frames on top, but only from a 4 mm rail. The result is a small protrusion of 1 mm. When we insert Windows from the inside, this ledge will not allow the window to fall out. And the fact that we made each window on a stencil will get rid of any fitting... for imitation of glasses I used transparent plastic from Tamiya 0,4 mm. I liked it very much in my work. Also, it is well polished with a polishing paste.

Then he cut a strip of transparent plastic from the Tamiya 0.4 mm. Carefully cut and inserted like glass in a niche without glue. I glued the prepared frames on top, but only from a 4 mm rail. The result is a small protrusion of 1 mm. When we insert Windows from the inside, this ledge will not allow the window to fall out. And the fact that we made each window on a stencil will get rid of any fitting... for imitation of glasses I used transparent plastic from Tamiya 0,4 mm. I liked it very much in my work. Also, it is well polished with a polishing paste.

All Windows were numbered in the package. I did the same for the other side...

All Windows were numbered in the package. I did the same for the other side...

Books and magazines... First, I downloaded the covers of medical publications of that time. Printed in the desired scale (11-12 mm) and glued to the PVA on a wooden base. Then he sawed through the ends of the file to shape the book.

Books and magazines... First, I downloaded the covers of medical publications of that time. Printed in the desired scale (11-12 mm) and glued to the PVA on a wooden base. Then he sawed through the ends of the file to shape the book.

Bookcase.

Bookcase.

Two-table table. Is in the compartment of the Cabinet. Plastic, veneer, slats. Height 3.5 cm.

Two-table table. Is in the compartment of the Cabinet. Plastic, veneer, slats. Height 3.5 cm.

Изготовил сейф и металлический ящик для вещей и документов. Использовал кусочки старой травленки.

Изготовил сейф и металлический ящик для вещей и документов. Использовал кусочки старой травленки.

In the operating room, white three-story sun beds. Length in scale 10.5 cm. I did it from photos. Beds for the wounded were removable by the type of stretcher. Made of wood and secured with springs. Later they will be painted white.

In the operating room, white three-story sun beds. Length in scale 10.5 cm. I did it from photos. Beds for the wounded were removable by the type of stretcher. Made of wood and secured with springs. Later they will be painted white.

From transparent plastic and corners assembled a medical Cabinet. Corner from Tamiya 3x3 mm. Transparent plastic 0.4 mm.The main thing is to mark the glass evenly and not to stain it with glue... Height 9.5 cm.

From transparent plastic and corners assembled a medical Cabinet. Corner from Tamiya 3x3 mm. Transparent plastic 0.4 mm.The main thing is to mark the glass evenly and not to stain it with glue... Height 9.5 cm.

Operating table. Size 9 cm length and 4 cm height. Plastic and round profile for legs. 1 mm wire for the handrail...

Operating table. Size 9 cm length and 4 cm height. Plastic and round profile for legs. 1 mm wire for the handrail...

In Leroy-Merlin, a roll-up curtain was purchased, which will serve as a wall covering. Marked, cut with scissors and glued on the walls with "liquid nails".

In Leroy-Merlin, a roll-up curtain was purchased, which will serve as a wall covering. Marked, cut with scissors and glued on the walls with "liquid nails".

Made blankets-folded the bike in half and missed the PVA. Then I ironed it out a little...

Made blankets-folded the bike in half and missed the PVA. Then I ironed it out a little...

Appearance together with the pillow. The mattress and sheet are white felt.

Appearance together with the pillow. The mattress and sheet are white felt.

Produced the decal using UV printing on special lacquer paper.

Produced the decal using UV printing on special lacquer paper.

He sawed the sleepers with an electric saw from the slats. Length-136 mm, width-12 mm.

He sawed the sleepers with an electric saw from the slats. Length-136 mm, width-12 mm.

Marked the railway path based on the plot of 1800 sleepers per kilometer...

Marked the railway path based on the plot of 1800 sleepers per kilometer...

The rails are well suited from the garden railway 1/32. I bought the company "PIKO" 1.2 meters. I disconnected the plastic sleepers and sawed off 1, 11 meters. The linings are printed on a 3-D printer. Crutches-nails. The hats had to be flattened on both sides. It turned out very similar... Between the sleepers, to reduce the consumption of crushed stone, I glued strips of the cheapest ceiling tiles.

The rails are well suited from the garden railway 1/32. I bought the company "PIKO" 1.2 meters. I disconnected the plastic sleepers and sawed off 1, 11 meters. The linings are printed on a 3-D printer. Crutches-nails. The hats had to be flattened on both sides. It turned out very similar... Between the sleepers, to reduce the consumption of crushed stone, I glued strips of the cheapest ceiling tiles.

Sewing machine...

Sewing machine...

Valise... Painted with acrylic.

Valise... Painted with acrylic.

Chess.

Chess.

Medications, morphine and iodine.

Medications, morphine and iodine.

I made sanitary bags.

I made sanitary bags.

Filled the lockers...

Filled the lockers...

I tried it on.

I tried it on.

Made portraits of the Leaders.

Made portraits of the Leaders.

Chairs (there are also stools)

Chairs (there are also stools)

The roof was collected literally in pieces. Thin strips, strips bent in boiling water. Just plastic. A square profile of 2 mm was used. and epoxy plasticine.

The roof was collected literally in pieces. Thin strips, strips bent in boiling water. Just plastic. A square profile of 2 mm was used. and epoxy plasticine.

One of the build stages. Everything had to be thought out and planned.

One of the build stages. Everything had to be thought out and planned.

The result is a blank roof...

The result is a blank roof...

After all, a long process of sawing and sharpening, putty and again the skin and water...

After all, a long process of sawing and sharpening, putty and again the skin and water...

Side view...

Side view...

Vestibule. You have already realized that the car is not quite standard. It has a vestibule only on one side, and on the other - end doors that lead directly to the operating room.

Vestibule. You have already realized that the car is not quite standard. It has a vestibule only on one side, and on the other - end doors that lead directly to the operating room.

Put together pipes and brake equipment.

Put together pipes and brake equipment.

Installed bars on the Windows. There were only two such Windows - a boiler and a toilet.

Installed bars on the Windows. There were only two such Windows - a boiler and a toilet.

I made brake hoses. The cord from the computer mouse fits very well.

I made brake hoses. The cord from the computer mouse fits very well.

Made a battery of chairs.

Made a battery of chairs.

Приклеил полки и спальные принадлежности.

Приклеил полки и спальные принадлежности.

From a strip of plastic 1.2 mm, along the entire length of the car glued the roof tide.

From a strip of plastic 1.2 mm, along the entire length of the car glued the roof tide.

Almost completely assembled the end of the car from the operating room.

Almost completely assembled the end of the car from the operating room.

A little bit from a different angle...

A little bit from a different angle...

And from the side of the frame.

And from the side of the frame.

Side stairs for climbing on the roof of the car. A corner from Tamiya and a wire in a braid.

Side stairs for climbing on the roof of the car. A corner from Tamiya and a wire in a braid.

From wooden slats and plastic I made a box of the transition platform.

From wooden slats and plastic I made a box of the transition platform.

I started putting all the details together...

I started putting all the details together...

All the details are in place.

All the details are in place.

View from a different angle..

View from a different angle..


   СБОРКА И ПОКРАСКА
Paint from the airbrush. Tamiya Paints. Washes and pigments from MIG. The varnish from the balloon is also Tamiya.

Paint from the airbrush. Tamiya Paints. Washes and pigments from MIG. The varnish from the balloon is also Tamiya.

The main thing is a good light... There are a lot of "corners". You can easily leave white spots...

The main thing is a good light... There are a lot of "corners". You can easily leave white spots...

Again the bookcase, but now painted.

Again the bookcase, but now painted.

Rails, sleepers...

Rails, sleepers...

Frame and equipment

Frame and equipment

Under the car...

Under the car...

The body is ready, you can make a body kit...

The body is ready, you can make a body kit...

Glue the Windows.

Glue the Windows.

Pipes, shelves, blankets...

Pipes, shelves, blankets...

In two compartments, I glued the third shelves to show what the compartment looked like. In other places, deliberately not glued-close the view.

In two compartments, I glued the third shelves to show what the compartment looked like. In other places, deliberately not glued-close the view.

Main table...

Main table...

Stuck it where it should be...

Stuck it where it should be...

All decals are in place. I used the instructions for marking and applying inscriptions and technical specifications on the cars...

All decals are in place. I used the instructions for marking and applying inscriptions and technical specifications on the cars...

Chiefs and chairs.

Chiefs and chairs.

The roof is glued...

The roof is glued...

End of the operating room.

End of the operating room.

Steps and handrails - wire, fasteners and wooden slats.

Steps and handrails - wire, fasteners and wooden slats.

Masks...<br />In General, it took a lot of model tape and paint tape...

Masks...
In General, it took a lot of model tape and paint tape...

Smyvka.

Smyvka.

I took off my masks and painted the handrails.

I took off my masks and painted the handrails.

Appearance...

Appearance...

Output from Titan. Pipes-copper, grout-epoxy plasticine.

Output from Titan. Pipes-copper, grout-epoxy plasticine.

I glued the future panoramic roof (its elements) from a transparent plastic 0.4 mm thick.

I glued the future panoramic roof (its elements) from a transparent plastic 0.4 mm thick.

Did the deflectors. They were quite complex in shape...

Did the deflectors. They were quite complex in shape...

Safe deposit...

Safe deposit...

Another couple of photos under the car.

Another couple of photos under the car.

Continuation...

Continuation...

Interior element.

Interior element.

The" dusty " path.

The" dusty " path.

Before painting...

Before painting...

Fitting.

Fitting.

A little appearance

A little appearance

Painting the roof from the inside

Painting the roof from the inside

Glued the base of the deflectors

Glued the base of the deflectors

Masks over the compartment, office, headquarters and operating room.

Masks over the compartment, office, headquarters and operating room.

Paint...

Paint...

Красил крышу - серый с добавлением серо-зелёного и белого.

Красил крышу - серый с добавлением серо-зелёного и белого.

Снимаем маски

Снимаем маски

Проявляется итог...

Проявляется итог...


   ИТОГОВЫЙ РЕЗУЛЬТАТ


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